Preharvest Use of Glyphosate Poisons Youngsters' Meals

This text was beforehand printed September 4, 2018, and has been up to date with new info.

Glyphosate-based herbicides like Roundup are probably the most closely used agricultural chemical substances of all time, with 1.76 million tons being utilized to U.S. fields alone between 1974 — when glyphosate was first accepted — and 2014.1

By the top of 2021, glyphosate utilization had expanded a lot that worldwide glyphosate gross sales have been forecasted to succeed in $4.95 billion by 2025.2 Paradoxically, in early 2022 some farmers wish to develop various, non-herbicide weed-control measures on account of an expanded market and pandemic- and hurricane-related provide issues which have precipitated provide shortages and pushed up the price of glyphosate.3

Because the recognition of this herbicide was constructed on reckless deceit,4 and there is actually no telling how many individuals world wide have paid for Monsanto’s lies with their lives, it appears moderately karmic that the COVID-19 pandemic, of all issues, is what’s driving farmers to farm extra organically.

In August 2018, a jury ordered Monsanto to pay $289 million in damages to Dewayne Johnson,5,6,7,8 who developed a deadly type of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma following heavy publicity to Roundup throughout his work as a groundskeeper. The proof introduced forth in courtroom was intensive and terribly damning, clearly exhibiting Monsanto — now owned by Bayer — acted with malice.

The jury determined Monsanto knew Roundup was poisonous and precipitated most cancers, but hid that reality from regulators and the general public, fabricating proof on the contrary and suppressing analysis exhibiting hurt. A California appeals courtroom later decreased the award to $20.5 million9 and in 2021 Bayer determined to not take that courtroom’s resolution to the U.S. Supreme Courtroom, letting the ultimate award stand10 You may evaluation key paperwork from this case on the U.S. Proper to Know web site.11,12

It’s also possible to learn “Spinning Science & Silencing Scientists: A Case Examine in How the Chemical Business Makes an attempt to Affect Science,”13 a report ready for U.S. Home members of the Committee on Science, Area and Expertise, which particulars a number of the most necessary items of proof.

‘Nothing Wanting a Cowl-Up’

In a 2018 Highwire interview,14 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and Brent Wisner, legal professionals for a few of these instances, mentioned different illness classes may ultimately be added to the rising mountain of lawsuits towards Monsanto, as proof prompt glyphosate and/or Roundup might also be linked to liver most cancers, mind tumors and well being issues related to endocrine disruption.

“We have got a whole bunch of paperwork, much more damning than these, exhibiting completely definitive misconduct” of Monsanto hiding Roundup’s danger to the general public, Wisner informed Bigtree. Since then, greater than 5,000 extra plaintiffs rapidly lined up for their very own day in courtroom,15 all alleging Roundup publicity precipitated their Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The instances quickly started plodding by the courts, with one other plaintiff, Edwin Hardeman, successful an $80 million judgment.16 Hardeman filed his case in 2016; his ruling got here in 2019. When Bayer-Monsanto appealed the decision, a federal courtroom dominated towards them, awarding Hardeman a little bit over $25 million after decreasing the primary jury’s punitive damages from $75 million to $20 million.17

With greater than 25,000 instances pending by November 2021,18 Bayer requested the SCOTUS to evaluation Hardeman’s case.19 Quite than simply agreeing to listen to the case, in December 2021, the SCOTUS deferred, and requested President Biden’s administration to assist them determine whether or not they need to hear it. Paradoxically, Monsanto-Bayer remains to be sustaining their product is protected, and their angle drew the ire of environmental journalist Dave Dickey, who wrote in a February 2022 commentary:20

“In March 2015 U.S District Decide for the Northern District of California allowed public launch of inner Monsanto paperwork exhibiting how Monsanto influenced EPA to reclassify glyphosate from a Class C carcinogen to a Class E class which paved the way in which for glyphosate Roundup manufacturing.

It was nothing wanting a cover-up that put greed forward of public security. And now satirically we study the cover-up could have included Monsanto’s personal buyers … [who] are saying the German agri-giant performed quick and unfastened with the info, deceptive them on 1) the protection of glyphosate and Roundup; 2) Bayer’s efforts at due diligence; and three) the authorized dangers within the acquisition of Monsanto …

Given all we already know Roundup and glyphosate ought to haven’t been unleashed on the world. However how corporations like Monsanto are prepared to go to virtually any size – together with duping its personal buyers — is a brand new low.”

On its web site, Bayer has now posted a five-point plan to finish the litigation,21 claiming the SCOTUS has “robust authorized arguments” to rule within the firm’s favor. And once more, Monsanto-Bayer steadfastly insists not solely that “glyphosate-based herbicides can be utilized safely and will not be carcinogenic,” however that “a most cancers warning could be false and deceptive and misbrand the product.”

Glyphosate Present in Widespread Breakfast Meals and Snacks

Sadly, by 2018 the identical chemical proven to trigger Johnson’s deadly illness was additionally exhibiting up within the meals provide at doubtlessly unsafe ranges. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) commissioned impartial laboratory exams to find out how a lot glyphosate is lurking within the U.S. meals provide.

Whereas the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration has been testing meals for glyphosate, and exams reportedly revealed “a good quantity” of residues, their findings haven’t but been made public.22

Actually, the USDA does not even check for glyphosate in a number of the meals most recognized for glyphosate contamination, equivalent to oats and chickpeas.23 However EWG’s testing in 2018 revealed 43 out of 45 meals merchandise made with conventionally grown oats examined optimistic for glyphosate, 31 of which had glyphosate ranges increased than EWG scientists imagine could be protecting of kids’s well being.

Examples of meals with detectable ranges of glyphosate included Quaker Dinosaur Eggs immediate oatmeal, Cheerios cereal, Nature Valley granola bars, Quaker metal reduce oats and Again to Nature Basic Granola.

Additional, of 16 natural oat meals examined, 5 contained glyphosate, though at ranges under EWG’s well being benchmark of 160 elements per billion (ppb). In 2016, exams24 carried out by the nonprofit organizations Meals Democracy Now! and The Detox Challenge additionally discovered glyphosate residues in quite a lot of meals together with Doritos, Oreos and Stacy’s Pita Chips.

Glyphosate has even been detected in PediaSure Enteral Formulation dietary drink, which is given to infants and kids by way of feeding tubes. Thirty p.c of the samples examined contained ranges of glyphosate over 75 ppb — far increased ranges than have been discovered to destroy intestine micro organism in chickens (0.1 ppb).25

Youngsters Doubtless Ingest Unsafe Ranges of Glyphosate From Meals

Publicity to glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicide formulations, even at low ranges, has been linked to quite a lot of well being dangers. For example, one research discovered that day by day publicity to ultra-low ranges of glyphosate for 2 years led to nonalcoholic fatty liver illness in rats,26 whereas the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) decided that glyphosate is a “possible human carcinogen” in 2015.

As of July 2017, California’s Environmental Safety Company’s Workplace of Environmental Well being Hazard Evaluation (OEHHA) additionally listed glyphosate as a chemical recognized to trigger most cancers underneath Proposition 65, which requires shopper merchandise with potential cancer-causing components to bear warning labels. In keeping with EWG:27

“OEHHA has proposed a so-called No Important Danger Degree for glyphosate of 1.1 milligrams per day for a mean grownup of about 154 kilos. That stage of publicity is greater than 60 instances decrease than the protection stage set by the Environmental Safety Company.”

Publicity to glyphosate at OEHHA’s danger stage would current an elevated lifetime danger of most cancers of 1 in 100,000 for an grownup, however EWG factors out that an extra tenfold margin of security could also be vital to guard these most weak, like kids and fetuses. Utilizing this system, just about all the meals examined by EWG may very well be damaging to human well being:28

“With this extra kids’s well being security issue, EWG calculated {that a} 1-in-a-million most cancers danger could be posed by ingestion of 0.01 milligrams of glyphosate per day. To succeed in this most dose, one would solely should eat a single 60-gram serving of meals with a glyphosate stage of 160 elements per billion, or ppb.

Nearly all of samples of standard oat merchandise from EWG’s research exceeded 160ppb, that means {that a} single serving of these merchandise would exceed EWG’s well being benchmark …

The EPA has calculated that 1- to 2-year-old kids are prone to have the very best [glyphosate] publicity, at a stage twice better than California’s No Important Danger Degree and 230 instances EWG’s well being benchmark.”

Why so A lot Glyphosate within the Meals Provide?

Many of the greater than 280 million kilos of glyphosate sprayed on American crop fields annually29 are used on genetically engineered (GE) crops30 like Roundup-ready corn and soybeans, that are designed to face up to the chemical’s in any other case deadly results.

Nonetheless, whereas selecting non-GMO meals would seem like a great way to cut back your publicity to glyphosate, some grains, even when they don’t seem to be GE, may be closely contaminated with glyphosate. The rationale for it is because the chemical can also be used as a desiccant and/or preharvest therapy to hurry ripening.

Basically, by spraying glyphosate on the grain proper earlier than harvest, it dries (desiccates) the grain, making it simpler to reap. Desiccation can also be used to enhance income, as farmers are penalized when the grain accommodates moisture. The better the moisture content material of the grain at sale, the decrease the worth they get.

Whereas GMOs have been thought of probably the most closely contaminated, for the reason that glyphosate is inside every cell of the GE plant, the preharvest software of glyphosate on non-GMO grains seems to be the first purpose for why glyphosate is now present in just about all meals examined.

It is also present in air,31 rain, groundwater and soils,32 municipal water provides,33 and urine.34 An impartial research even discovered it in vaccines, together with pneumococcal, Tdap, hepatitis B (which is injected on the day of delivery), influenza and MMR.35

The MMR vaccine had the very best quantities at 2.671 ppb. But, when the investigating group, Mothers Throughout America, requested the CDC and FDA to test into their findings with their very own exams, they obtained a response with 50% of the pages redacted or clean.36

GMO and Non-GMO Grains Closely Contaminated With Glyphosate

In keeping with a 2017 research37 by College of California San Diego College of Drugs researchers, “The herbicide Roundup is sprayed onto genetically modified crops and utilized as a desiccant to most small nongenetically modified grains.”

So, whether or not we’re speaking about Roundup Prepared GE crops or standard, non-GE grains, glyphosate, the lively ingredient in Roundup, “is present in these crops at harvest.” In a press release, a spokesperson for Quaker acknowledged that glyphosate is often used preharvest:38

“Glyphosate is often utilized by farmers throughout the trade who apply it preharvest. As soon as the oats are transported to us, we put them by our rigorous course of that completely cleanses them (dehulled, cleaned, roasted and flaked).

Any ranges of glyphosate which will stay are considerably under any limits and effectively inside compliance of the protection requirements set by the Environmental Safety Company (EPA) and the European Fee as protected for human consumption.”

Nonetheless, EWG’s testing revealed one pattern of Quaker oats with 1,300 ppb of glyphosate, and one other with 1,100 ppb. Together with wheat and oats, different crops which are generally desiccated with glyphosate embody:



Non-GE soybeans

Non-GE corn


Rye and buckwheat




Sugar beets



Why Do Farmers Use Glyphosate Preharvest?

Contemplating the toxicity of glyphosate and Roundup, utilizing both as a desiccant is an unconscionable alternative. As famous in a current Producer article:39

“Cereals Canada and different trade teams have warned farmers that glyphosate is underneath elevated scrutiny. Subsequently, when producers use glyphosate as a harvest help, they need to fastidiously adhere to label pointers to forestall unacceptably excessive residue ranges within the grain.

When agronomists are requested about utilizing glyphosate as a desiccant, the usual response is: ‘glyphosate will not be a desiccant,’ which is tactful approach of claiming, ‘if a producer plans to desiccate, he ought to use an precise desiccant.'”

The Monsanto pamphlet “Preharvest Staging Information”40 notes Roundup formulation “shouldn’t be used as a desiccant,” as Roundup model herbicides “work slower than a desiccant.” Actual Agriculture has additionally famous that “glyphosate will not be a desiccant,” doing “little or no to extend dry-down charges.”41 But, some farmers proceed to make use of it to assist velocity up their wheat, barley and oats harvests, although it isn’t registered as a desiccant.42

Total, the appliance of glyphosate “will solely velocity up harvest by just a few days,” Actual Agriculture states. Nonetheless, making use of glyphosate preharvest is a typical apply to boost ripening and a few could use it as a desiccant anyway.43 Improper timing might also contribute to contamination.

As defined by Michigan State College Extension in “Preharvest Choices for Soybeans,”44 it is necessary to guarantee that all pods have misplaced all inexperienced shade earlier than utilizing Roundup for desiccating. Moreover, the “Preharvest functions of glyphosate will not be advisable for soybeans grown for seed no matter trait, and these functions won’t management glyphosate-resistant weeds.”

Normal Mills Sued Over Glyphosate Residues

Farmers and meals producers higher begin reconsidering their use of glyphosate throughout preharvest, although, or put together to face authorized penalties. Simply six days after Johnson’s win towards Monsanto, a class-action lawsuit was filed towards Normal Mills in Florida. In keeping with Meals Navigator-USA:45

“Plaintiff Mounira Doss argued that Normal Mills had an obligation to reveal the presence of glyphosate in Cheerios cereal merchandise, however failed to take action.

At 470 to 530 elements per billion, the degrees of glyphosate Doss alleges have been in Cheerios merchandise examined by the Environmental Working Group in August 2018 are effectively under permitted EPA thresholds for glyphosate in grains (set at … 30,000 ppb in grains, cereal group 15).

Nonetheless, Doss argues that ‘Scientific proof exhibits that even ultra-low ranges of glyphosate could also be dangerous to human well being,’ and notes that glyphosate just lately joined the Prop 65 checklist of chemical substances ‘recognized to trigger most cancers …’ and was discovered by the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) to be ‘in all probability carcinogenic to people.'”

Are Different Desiccants Protected?

Apart from the off-label use of glyphosate, two generally used registered desiccants are paraquat and diquat. The query is, are they any safer than glyphosate? Meals will not be examined for these or different desiccants, and neither has obtained a lot media protection.

Nonetheless, Politico46 identified that the European Meals Security Authority (EFSA) has expressed issues over diquat, made by Syngenta. In keeping with Politico, “the Swiss agrichemical big has averted an EU ban on the product after mounting a marketing campaign to undermine the watchdog’s findings.”

Sound acquainted? They’ve clearly taken a web page proper out of Monsanto’s playbook. Paperwork launched by EFSA to Politico “present the [European] Fee twice withdrew a proposal to take away … diquat from the market after the corporate questioned the methodology behind EFSA’s science.”

In keeping with EFSA,47 diquat poses extreme dangers to agricultural employees. The chemical has the power to disrupt the human hormonal system, and in some instances “publicity to the product … exceeded acceptable ranges by a number of thousand p.c.”48 It is also been discovered to disrupt the reproductive cycles of each mammals and birds.

Within the U.S., the Nationwide Institute for Occupational Security and Well being has linked no less than 5 deaths to the chemical, together with hundreds of sicknesses. British analysis49 has additionally discovered diquat is extra prone to trigger Parkinson’s than paraquat — a chemical that is already been banned within the EU for its hyperlink to Parkinson’s.

Total, desiccants will not be essentially a required a part of farming. The harvest can dry naturally, but it surely takes longer, and subsequently prices extra. Nonetheless, the query we actually must ask ourselves is: at what value velocity and revenue? Is it actually value poisoning the meals simply to hurry up ripening and drying?

Bayer Damage by but One other Monsanto Mistake

Within the week following Johnson’s verdict, Bayer inventory fell by 18%, evaporating about $14 billion of the corporate’s market worth (a loss equal to 21% of Monsanto’s complete acquisition worth).50 However Roundup toxicity wasn’t the one trigger for the inventory tumble.

Merchants additionally cited mounting lawsuits over dicamba-related crop injury as a driving issue.51 For the third yr in a row, large swaths of land have been destroyed by chemical burns from this poisonous weed killer.

As feared by many critics, any crop that isn’t genetically engineered (GE) to be proof against dicamba is severely broken by even small quantities of the herbicide — be it meals crops, gardens or bushes; even different GE crops proof against herbicides apart from dicamba shrivel and die in its presence.

Monsanto promised its XtendiMax with VaporGrip system could be much less risky and fewer vulnerable to drift than older variations, however this seems to be one more Monsanto fantasy. In 2017, 3.6 million acres of non-GE soybeans — a complete of 4 p.c of all soy grown within the U.S. — have been destroyed by dicamba drift, in accordance with Reuters.52

As of July 2018, an estimated 1 million acres of nondicamba-resistant crops had been destroyed.53 By 2021, hundreds of farmers had reported their crops broken by dicamba drift as far-off as a mile and a half from the dicamba-sprayed fields.54 Householders have additionally reported destruction of bushes and personal gardens.

Dicamba-resistant soy was supposed to exchange the failed Roundup Prepared line of soy however, in accordance with Reuters,55 the EPA “is now weighing such complaints as a part of a high-stakes resolution on the herbicide’s future.”

With out the XtendiMax system, the dicamba-resistant soy is unlikely to face an opportunity, seeing how older dicamba formulations are strictly regulated and will not be permitted throughout rising season on account of their volatility (excessive drift potential).

In June 2020 an appeals courtroom revoked the EPA’s 2018 prolonged approval of dicamba, stating that even though farmers who had pre-purchased the product may endure some monetary losses, the EPA had not supplied adequate proof to help the approval.56

“In response, EPA accepted new dicamba licenses with some extra management measures that it asserted met the courtroom’s issues,” Ohio State Information reported. “Now the Biden administration is weighing learn how to deal with dicamba – and none too quickly:”57

“Farmers reportedly are seeing weeds which have developed resistance to dicamba and different herbicides advisable to be used with a brand new era of genetically engineered seeds. In keeping with weed specialists, that is occurring exactly as a result of farmers are utilizing such giant portions of those chemical substances in the course of the rising season.”

Both approach, it is value nothing that each Roundup and dicamba have been linked to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma,58 so whether or not we’re rising Roundup Prepared or dicamba-resistant crops, each pose critical well being dangers.

It stays to be seen whether or not EPA will proceed to increase its approval for XtendiMax, take it off the market or implement stricter limits on its use. Both of the latter two choices could be one other deep blow for Bayer, which now owns Monsanto’s portfolio of poisonous flops and failures.

Monsanto-Bayer, as you’d anticipate, says it is assured EPA will lengthen its approval, but in addition urged seed sellers “to contact [EPA] to specific help for the product,” Reuters experiences — a behind-the-scenes motion that implies they is probably not fairly as assured as they declare.

The place to Discover Safer Meals

There’s little doubt that the presence of herbicides and pesticides in meals pose a well being danger, particularly to younger kids. To reduce the dangers to your loved ones, contemplate shopping for natural produce and authorized grass fed animal merchandise. Because the saying goes, “cash talks,” and to create change, we’ve got to vote for the agricultural system we wish with our pocketbooks.

Whereas many grocery shops now carry natural meals, it is preferable to supply yours from native growers every time doable, as a lot of the natural meals offered in grocery shops is imported. For those who dwell within the U.S., the next organizations might help you find farm-fresh meals:

Demeter USA gives a listing of licensed Biodynamic farms and types. This listing may also be discovered on

American Grassfed Affiliation The objective of the American Grassfed Affiliation is to advertise the grass fed trade by authorities relations, analysis, idea advertising and public schooling.

Their web site additionally lets you seek for AGA-approved producers licensed in accordance with strict requirements that embody being raised on a weight-reduction plan of 100% forage; raised on pasture and by no means confined to a feedlot; by no means handled with antibiotics or hormones; born and raised on American household farms. gives lists of farmers recognized to provide uncooked dairy merchandise in addition to grass fed beef and different farm-fresh produce (though not all are licensed natural). Right here you too can discover details about native farmers markets, in addition to native shops and eating places that promote grass fed merchandise.

Weston A. Worth Basis Weston A. Worth has native chapters in most states, and plenty of of them are related with shopping for golf equipment in which you’ll be able to simply buy natural meals, together with grass fed uncooked dairy merchandise like milk and butter.

Grassfed Alternate The Grassfed Alternate has a list of producers promoting natural and grass fed meats throughout the U.S.

Native Harvest This web site will show you how to discover farmers markets, household farms and different sources of sustainably grown meals in your space the place you should buy produce, grass fed meats and plenty of different goodies.

Farmers Markets A nationwide itemizing of farmers markets.

Eat Effectively Information: Healthful Meals From Wholesome Animals The Eat Effectively Information is a free on-line listing of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, shops, eating places, inns, accommodations and on-line shops in the USA and Canada.

Group Concerned in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA) — CISA is devoted to sustaining agriculture and selling the merchandise of small farms.

The Cornucopia Institute The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based instruments ranking all licensed natural manufacturers of eggs, dairy merchandise and different commodities, based mostly on their moral sourcing and genuine farming practices separating CAFO “natural” manufacturing from genuine natural practices. For those who’re nonetheless uncertain of the place to seek out uncooked milk, take a look at and They will let you know what the standing is for legality in your state, and supply a list of uncooked dairy farms in your space. The Farm to Shopper Authorized Protection Fund59 additionally gives a state-by-state evaluation of uncooked milk legal guidelines.60 California residents also can discover uncooked milk retailers utilizing the shop locator out there at

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